Serge Ouoba; Jean Claude Romaric Pingdwinde Ouedraogo; Moussa Lingani; Bunthen E; Md Razeen Ashraf Hussain; Ko Ko; Shintaro Nagashima; Aya Sugiyama; Tomoyuki Akita; Halidou Tinto; Junko Tanaka
In: BMC Infect. Dis., 21 (1), pp. 1126, 2021, ISSN: 1471-2334, (© 2021. The Author(s). PMID: 34724902 PMCID: PMC8561994).
(Tags: Burkina Faso, Burkina Faso/epidemiology, Genotype, Hepacivirus/genetics, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis C/epidemiology, Humans, Prevalence, Seroepidemiologic Studies, Seroprevalence, Systematic review)| | | |
BACKGROUND: Detailed characteristics of Hepatitis C virus (HCV)
infection in Burkina Faso are scarce. The main aim of this study
was to assess HCV seroprevalence in various settings and
populations at risk in Burkina Faso between 1990 and 2020.
Secondary objectives included the prevalence of HCV Ribonucleic
acid (RNA) and the distribution of HCV genotypes. METHODS: A
systematic database search, supplemented by a manual search, was
conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and African Index
Medicus. Studies reporting HCV seroprevalence data in low and
high-risk populations in Burkina Faso were included, and a
random-effects meta-analysis was applied. Risk of bias was
assessed using the Joanna Briggs institute checklist. RESULTS:
Low-risk populations were examined in 31 studies involving a
total of 168,151 subjects, of whom 8330 were positive for HCV
antibodies. Six studies included a total of 1484 high-risk
persons, and 96 had antibodies to HCV. The pooled seroprevalence
in low-risk populations was 3.72% (95% CI: 3.20-4.28) and
4.75% (95% CI: 1.79-8.94) in high-risk groups. A
non-significant decreasing trend was observed over the study
period. Seven studies tested HCV RNA in a total of 4759
individuals at low risk for HCV infection, and 81 were positive.
The meta-analysis of HCV RNA yielded a pooled prevalence of
1.65% (95% CI: 0.74-2.89%) in low-risk populations, which is
assumed to be indicative of HCV prevalence in the general
population of Burkina Faso and suggests that about 301,174
people are active HCV carriers in the country. Genotypes 2 and 1
were the most frequent, with 60.3% and 25.0%, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: HCV seroprevalence is intermediate in Burkina Faso
and indicates the need to implement effective control
strategies. There is a paucity of data at the national level and
for rural and high-risk populations. General population
screening and linkage to care are recommended, with special
attention to rural and high-risk populations.
Jeoffray Diendéré; Augustin Nawidimbasba Zeba; Sibraogo Kiemtoré; Olivier Ouahamin Sombié; Philippe Fayemendy; Pierre Jésus; Athanase Millogo; Aly Savadogo; Halidou Tinto; Jean-Claude Desport
In: Public Health Nutr., pp. 1–11, 2021, ISSN: 1475-2727 1368-9800, (Place: England PMID: 34615560).
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships between dental problems
and underweight status among rural women in Burkina Faso by
using nationally representative data. DESIGN: This was a
cross-sectional secondary study of primary data obtained by the
2013 WHO Stepwise Approach to Surveillance survey conducted in
Burkina Faso. Descriptive and analytical analyses were performed
using Student’s t test, ANOVA, the $chi$2 test, Fisher’s exact
test and logistic regression. SETTING: All thirteen
Burkinab`e regions were categorised using quartiles of
urbanisation rates. PARTICIPANTS: The participants were 1730
rural women aged 25-64 years. RESULTS: The prevalence of
underweight was 16·0 %, and 24·1 % of participants experienced
dental problems during the 12-month period. The women with
dental problems were more frequently underweight (19·9 % and
14·7 %; P 49 years old) and smokeless tobacco users. Age > 49
years, professions with inconsistent income, a lack of
education, smokeless tobacco use and low BMI were factors that
were significantly associated with dental problems, while
residency in a low-urbanisation area was a protective factor.
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of underweight in rural Burkinab`e
women is among the highest in sub-Saharan Africa, and women with
dental problems are more frequently affected than those without
dental problems. Public health measures for the prevention of
these disorders should specifically target women aged over 49
years and smokeless tobacco users.
Toussaint Rouamba; Sékou Samadoulougou; Mady Ouédraogo; Hervé Hien; Halidou Tinto; Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou
Asymptomatic malaria and anaemia among pregnant women during high and low malaria transmission seasons in Burkina Faso: household-based cross-sectional surveys in Burkina Faso, 2013 and 2017 (Journal Article)
In: Malar. J., 20 (1), pp. 211, 2021, ISSN: 1475-2875.
(Tags: Adult, Anemia/epidemiology/parasitology, Asymptomatic carriage, Asymptomatic Infections/epidemiology, Burkina Faso/epidemiology, Community, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Haemoglobin, Humans, Malaria/epidemiology/parasitology, Parasitic/epidemiology/parasitology, Plasmodium, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications, Pregnant, Pregnant Women, Prevalence, Young Adult)| | | |
BACKGROUND: Malaria in endemic countries is often asymptomatic
during pregnancy, but it has substantial consequences for both
the mother and her unborn baby. During pregnancy, anaemia is an
important consequence of malaria infection. In Burkina Faso, the
intensity of malaria varies according to the season, albeit the
prevalence of malaria and anaemia as well as their risk factors,
during high and low malaria transmission seasons is
underexplored at the household level. METHODS: Data of 1751
pregnant women from October 2013 to March 2014 and 1931 pregnant
women from April 2017 to June 2017 were drawn from two
cross-sectional household surveys conducted in 24 health
districts of Burkina Faso. Pregnant women were tested for
malaria in their household after consenting. Asymptomatic
carriage was defined as a positive result from malaria rapid
diagnostic tests in the absence of clinical symptoms of malaria.
Anaemia was defined as haemoglobin level less than 11 g/dL in
the first and third trimester and less than 10.5 g/dL in the
second trimester of pregnancy. RESULTS: Prevalence of
asymptomatic malaria in pregnancy was estimated at 23.9% (95%
CI 20.2-28.0) during the high transmission season
(October-November) in 2013. During the low transmission season,
it was 12.7% (95% CI 10.9-14.7) between December and March in
2013-2014 and halved (6.4%; 95% CI 5.3-7.6) between April and
June 2017. Anaemia prevalence was estimated at 59.4% (95% CI
54.8-63.8) during the high transmission season in 2013. During
the low transmission season, it was 50.6% (95% CI 47.7-53.4)
between December and March 2013-2014 and 65.0% (95% CI
62.8-67.2) between April and June, 2017. CONCLUSION: This study
revealed that the prevalence of malaria asymptomatic carriage
and anaemia among pregnant women at the community level remain
high throughout the year. Thus, more efforts are needed to
increase prevention measures such as IPTp-SP coverage in order
to reduce anaemia and contribute to preventing low birth weight
and poor pregnancy outcomes.
Palpouguini Lompo; Marc Christian Tahita; Hermann Sorgho; William Kaboré; Adama Kazienga; Ashmed Cheick Bachirou Nana; Hamtandi Magloire Natama; Isidore Juste Ouindgueta Bonkoungou; Nicolas Barro; Halidou Tinto
In: Pan Afr. Med. J., 38 , pp. 259, 2021, ISSN: 1937-8688, (Copyright: Palpouguini Lompo et al. PMID: 34104307 PMCID: PMC8164431).
(Tags: Abdominal Pain/epidemiology, Acute Disease, bacteria, Burkina Faso, Burkina Faso/epidemiology, Child, Comorbidity, Diarrhea, Diarrhea/epidemiology/microbiology, Female, Fever/epidemiology, Giardiasis/epidemiology, Humans, Infant, infectious, Malaria, Malaria/epidemiology, Male, parasite, pathogens, Preschool, Prevalence, Risk Factors, rotavirus, Rotavirus Infections/epidemiology, Rural Population, Seasons, Vomiting/epidemiology)| | | |
INTRODUCTION: acute diarrhea in children under five years is a public health problem in developing countries and particularly in malaria-endemic areas where both diseases co-exist. The present study examined the etiology of childhood diarrhea and its comorbidity with malaria in a rural area of Burkina Faso.
METHODS: conventional culture techniques, direct stools examination, and viruses´ detection by rapid tests were performed on the fresh stools and microscopy was used to diagnose malaria. Some risk factors were also assessed. RESULTS: on a total of 191 samples collected, at least one pathogen was identified in 89 cases (46.6%). The proportions of pathogens found on the 89 positive stool samples were parasites 51.69% (46 cases), viruses 39.33% (35 cases), and bacteria 14.61% (13 cases), respectively. The relationship between malaria and infectious diarrhea was significant in viral and parasites causes (p=0.005 and 0.043 respectively). Fever, vomiting and abdominal pain were the major symptoms associated with diarrhea, with 71.51%, 31.72% and 23.66% respectively. The highest viral diarrhea prevalence was reported during the dry season (OR=5.29, 95% CI: 1.74 – 16.07, p=0.001) while parasite diarrhea was more encountered during the rainy season (OR=0.41, 95% CI: 0.33 – 0.87, p=0.011). CONCLUSION: Giardia spp and rotavirus were the leading cause of acute diarrhea in Nanoro, Burkina Faso with a predominance of rotavirus in children less than 2 years. Parasite and viral diarrhea were the most pathogens associated with malaria. However, the high rate of negative stool samples suggests the need to determine other enteric microorganisms.
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